Digital Volume Control
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Circuit of a digital volume control using six discrete ICs, including
a 5V regulator, is presented. IC1 (555) is configured to function as
astable flip-flop. Its frequency or period may be adjusted by proper
choice of resistors R44, R45 and capacitor C6 combination. Here it is
for 0.3 second period.
IC2 is a presetable up/down counter. In this circuit up-mode is used
for increasing and down-mode is used for decreasing the volume. IC3 and IC4 are 16-channel
analogue multiplexers which function as analogue switches. Here IC3 is used as level
indicator while IC4 is used as a potentiometer.
Soon after the power is switched on, switch S1 is to be pressed to
reset the whole system. When switch S2 is pressed, IC2 counts up the number of pulses and
the result is available in the form of BCD output. IC6 is used as an interface between TTL
and CMOS ICs. The BCD output controls the address input lines of IC2 and IC3, and
selects/switches one, out of sixteen channels, by turning on the appropriate analogue
In the circuit, IC4 is used as a potentiometer by connecting 15 resistors (R9 through R23)
between each of its 16 input pins and a resistor/capacitor combination of C2, C3 and R7 at
its output. The values of resistors R9 through R23 can, of course, be selected as desired.
Here the resistors have been selected for a logarithmic scale.
Switch S2 is used for increasing and switch S3 is used for
decreasing the volume. Similarly, switches S4 and S5 are provided for second channel
(right channel) volume control. Also, pin 14 of IC2 can be connected to IC 74193 pin 14
(clear input) of the right channel volume control circuit. The volume control circuit of
right channel will be identical to that of the left channel circuit (shown here) except
that IC1, IC5 and push-to-on switches are not to be duplicated.
A 1µF electrolytic capacitor (C4) is used to prevent switching noise. Resistors R8 and R6
are used to fix the quiescent operating voltage level at half the supply voltage for
avoiding distortion of the audio signal from the preamplifier. Capacitors C2, C3 and
resistor R7 are provided for proper filtering of the audio and blocking DC component. An
exact logarithmic scale of resistors R9 through R23 produces a pleasing and smooth